In many countries, military service is mandatory for all citizens. This means that all able-bodied men and women must serve in the armed forces for a certain period of time.
The length of time varies from country to country, but it is typically two to three years. Military service can be a great way to learn new skills, make friends, and serve your country.
However, it can also be very challenging, especially if you are mentally or physically unprepared for it. If you are considering joining the military, do your research and talk to people who have served before making a decision.
Keep reading to learn more about mandatory military countries in the world.
50 Mandatory Military Service Countries
All male Algerians who are 19 years old and in excellent health must enlist in the military. The required service commitment lasts for two years. Male Algerians must submit a copy of their birth certificate at the age of 17 in order to join the national list of military duty.
Armenia has a two-year compulsory military service requirement, just like Algeria. Males between the ages of 18 and 27 are covered. If you avoid serving your sentence, you might spend up to three years behind bars.
Austrian males are required to serve in the military for six months or nine months starting at age 18.
Males between 18 and 27 are required to work for 12 to 18 months. For men seeking further education, the time frame is twelve months; for those who are not, it is eighteen months.
Male Bolivians between 18 and 22 are required to serve one to two years in the military.
Ten to twelve months of conscripted military service. For males ages 18 to 45 only. Only 5 to 10% of people must serve, nevertheless.
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Males between 18 and 30 serve in the Cambodian military for one year.
20-year-old males must serve 36 months in the military, and 21-year-old females must serve 12 months.
Colombian males must dedicate 18 months of duty between 18 and 24.
Male Cubans who are between the ages of 17 and 28 are required to serve for 24 months.
Male Cypriots aged 18 to 50 are required to serve on the national guard for a minimum of 14 months.
Male Egyptians between 18 and 30 must serve in the Reserves for between 18 months and nine years.
In Eritrea, everyone between 18 and 40 must serve for 18 months, regardless of gender.
Males between 18 and 27 are anticipated to serve for 8 to 11 months. This is aimed to prepare them and provide training for them (just in case). Foreign-based Estonians are still required to finish their mandatory service.
Males must complete 6 to 12 months of service after they turn 18. Additionally, Reserve service is anticipated to last until age 60.
Male Georgians between 18 and 27 must serve for at least a year.
17. The Greek
Males between 19 and 45 must serve between 9 and 12 months.
Male Iranians must agree to serve for 18 to 24 months after turning 18.
Beginning at age 18, both boys and females in Israel must perform one to two years of service. Pilots must dedicate themselves for at least 9 years.
Male unemployed individuals between the ages of 25 and 29 are required to serve in the military for a year.
Read more: Why Do People Join the Military? Reasons Not To Join The Military
Service requirements range from 12 to 24 months. Males between 18 and 27 are predicted to, albeit this may soon end.
For males between the ages of 18 and 35, a year of duty is required. The males are then expected to serve in the Reserves until 45. In 2015, the entire system was reintroduced.
Males between 18 and 27 are expected to serve for nine to twelve months.
Men must serve their country for at least 18 months after turning 18.
Men between the ages of 19 and 26 are required to serve a 9-month term. People with dual citizenship are not excluded from this requirement, in contrast to certain other nations.
For guys ages 18 to 27, 12 months of service is the minimum requirement.
Males aged 18 to 27 are subject to service duties, much like in Moldova. It lasts between one and two years.
At age 19, only men must have served 12 months. In 2019, this duty was reinstated. If you attempt to avoid it, you risk receiving a sentence of one month to one year in jail.
29. North Korea
For both sexes, mandatory service begins at the age of 17. But the timeframe is different. For men, it is 10 years, and for women, it is 5 years.
Both sexes must complete their obligatory military service. It lasts for 19 months, of which 12 months are primary and the final 4 to 5 are refreshers. However, more often than not, more than 80% are discharged from duty.
Male Paraguayans who turn 18 must serve for one to two years.
There are currently suggestions to replace military service with forestry work, although none have yet been approved.
Males between the ages of 18 and 35 are forced to serve in military from four to twelve months.
Males between the ages of 18 and 27 must service for 12 months and remain in the Reserves until they are 50.
Male Singaporeans between the ages of 18 and 21 are required to serve for two years. They must then serve in the Reserves until they are 40 years old.
35. South Korea
Male South Koreans between the ages of 18 and 28 are required to serve in the military for 21 to 24 months. In the near future, this is expected to be shortened to 18 to 22 months. Some key figures in the economy might be able to postpone starting their jobs until they are 30 years old.
36. South Sudan
Citizens who turn 18 must serve for one to two years.
For both boys and females between the ages of 18 and 33, 12 to 24 months are required.
Both males and females must serve in the military as of the age of 18, in Sweden. Regardless of gender, the service lasts for 7.5 to 15 months.
Males between the ages of 18 and 30 must complete 245 days of training in addition to six 19-day recalls (within 10 years).
Male Syrians aged 18 to 42 are required to serve for 18 months. Exemption payments, which range from $7,000 to $9,000 depending on how many years a person spends away from Syria, must be paid.
Males between the ages of 18 and 36 must complete a minimum of 4 months of duty and 4x 20-day training calls.
Males aged 18 to 27 serve a 2-year term. The option to purchase an exemption does exist, though.
In 1905, conscription was implemented in Thailand. All Thai citizens are required by law to serve in the armed services, as stated in the Kingdom’s Constitution. In reality, conscription only applies to individuals over the age of 21 who have not completed reserve training.
For physically fit guys between the ages of 20 and 35, 12 months of service are necessary.
Males beginning at the age of 20 are required to serve for 6 to 12 months, though after a month of training, exemptions can be purchased.
Males aged 18 to 30 must service between two and thirty months.
For those aged 20 to 27, military duty in Ukraine is required. It lasts between one and two years.
48. United Arab Emirates
Males between the ages of 18 and 30 must serve between 16 months and two years.
Males between 18 and 27 must serve a minimum of one year, while shorter periods can be purchased. However, soldiers who purchase these terms continue to serve in the Reserves until they are 27.
Males between the ages of 18 and 27 must serve for two to three years.
Read more: How To Get Out Of The Military And Be Successful
Military Service Recruitment Strategies
The majority of countries in the world have a military. However, different nations employ different strategies to bolster their military forces. These are some of the main recruitment strategies:
Voluntary enlistment — Citizens decide to work for the military and devote their lives to serving their country. Widely recognized as the most ideal and ethical way to keep a military force in place.
Mandatory service — All men (and occasionally all women) over a particular age are required to serve their country for a set period of time (usually 1-3 years). Most often used by militaries with the most pressing needs or by dictators who exercise absolute power.
Conscription/Draft — A variation on mandatory service in which all members of a specific demographic (typically males between the ages of 18 and 35) must register as eligible for military service, but there is a chance that they may not be called to active duty (also known as “being drafted” or “being conscripted”), especially during peacetime.
Selective obligatory service — In many conscription programs, recruits are chosen at random or through a lottery. However, under compulsory selective systems, individuals are consciously picked and summoned into service specifically to address a specific need (for instance, medical personnel, mechanics, or pilots).
De Jure mandatory duty – This is the least taxing kind of mandatory service. Although it is theoretically required by law, mandatory military duty is rarely, if ever, carried out.
For instance, the United States continues to require all physically fit males between the ages of 18 and 25 to register with the Selective Service, which means they may be called up for military duty at any time. But the draft has not been implemented since 1973 due to the large number of voluntary recruits who enlisted (during the Vietnam War).
Similar to China, males between the ages of 18 and 22 must register for a 24-month compulsory duty, but there are enough volunteers that there has never been a “draft” of mandatory registrants.
Combinations — Several systems are used concurrently in several countries. For instance, the United States relies on voluntary enlistment but also maintains a de facto conscription system (the Selective Service) available in case of emergency.
Mandatory Military Service In The News
Despite the fact that less than 1% of Americans actively participate in the military, the United States has the greatest defense budget of any nation. The Selective Service appears to be on the verge of becoming obsolete, which may soothe Americans who were astonished to hear that it still exists. In December 2019, House resolution H.R. 5492, which would do away with the Selective Service, was introduced. As of November 2021, it was still awaiting advancement.
In 2020, South Korea changed its military conscription law to allow entertainers with international appeal, like the K-pop group BTS, to postpone their 18 to 21 months of military service until the age of 30. Members of BTS would soon be required to leave the group in order to serve their terms in the military.
1. How long is mandatory military service in south Korea?
Military service is hugely contentious in South Korea, where all able-bodied men aged between 18 and 28 are meant to serve for about two years as part of efforts to defend against a hostile North Korea.
2. Can you be forced to join the military
Those men were offered amnesty by President Gerald Ford in 1974 and pardoned by President Jimmy Carter in 1977. Failing to register for the draft or join the military as directed is a felony punishable by a fine of up to $250,000 or a prison term of up to five years, or a combination of both.
3. Who qualifies to do national service in ghana?
The National Service program is a compulsory one-year service required of all citizens of Ghana who are 18 years and above, at the time of deployment. The Scheme which started in 1973, now operates under Act 426 (of 1980).
Military service is compulsory in most countries around the world. This means that all fit and able men and women must serve their country in the armed forces for a set period of time – usually a number of years. The amount of time spent in service differs from place to place, but it’s typically between one and three years.
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